There are 76 toothed whale species altogether and they are grouped into ten families: the sperm whale; the dwarf and pygmy sperm whale; the beluga and narwhal; the beaked whales; the oceanic dolphins; the four river dolphins (each one is placed in a family of their own); and the porpoise family. Blue whales are known as baleen whales i.e. Toothed whales are very social and are always with others; they commonly live in groups known as pods. There are about 20 different species of whales, some of which like the Beluga whales and the Killer whales can live more than 100 years. They excel in deep diving. Beaked whales are excellent deep-sea divers and do not come to the surface easily. CH 1213 Recitation Name: Neti: Whales and Waves Background information: There are two main types of whales, baleen and toothed. They swim on their sides, close to the seabed and suck muddy sediments into their mouth and sieve out their prey using short, course baleen plates in their mouths. Seventy-three species of toothed whales are described. Modern baleen whales, Balaenopteridae (rorquals and humpback whale, Megaptera novaengliae), Balaenidae (right whales), Eschrichtiidae (gray whale, Eschrictius robustus), and Neobalaenidae (pygmy right whale, Caperea marginata) all have derived characteristics presently unknown in any cetothere and vice versa (such as a sagittal crest). This whale has a dark greyish slate colour with white patches on its body. Sociable, often living in groups known as pods. Kan Dail They have broad, paddle-like flippers. Adopt a whale and help us protect these amazing creatures. The toothed whales (also called odontocetes, systematic name Odontoceti) are a parvorder of cetaceans that includes dolphins, porpoises, and all other whales possessing teeth, such as the beaked whales and sperm whales. There are two types of whales: toothed and baleen. Throat grooves are long folds in the skin which expand when they feed. Right whales and bowheads are skimmers or grazers and gather food by swimming slowly, open-mouthed through dense patches of it. Most baleen whales are migratory and tend to follow the same basic migratory pattern. You can see whales between May and November when they make the annual migration along the NSW coastline. Here we meet four families of large toothed whales. Sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus) are the largest toothed whale species. About one-third of the sperm whale’s body is composed of its head alone. The pygmy sperm whale and dwarf sperm whale are much smaller than the sperm whale and belong to a separate family; they are more dolphin-sized. Narwhals are famous for their unicorn-like tusk which is actually a very long tooth. They have a large head that house rows of sharp teeth. Unlike the other great whales on the endangered species list, the sperm whale is a toothed whale. Our understanding of why they do this is that they face a dilemma; there is much more whale food available in cold polar oceans but these environments are risky and challenging for vulnerable newborn whales who thrive in warmer seas. Kan Dail The sperm whale is the only member of the sperm whale family. Most other toothed whales are considerably smaller in stature and weight. Blue whales have long, slender greyish-blue bodies, which appear blue underwater. Unlike baleen whales, toothed whales have teeth that they use for catching prey and also have a single rather than a double blowhole. They were referred to as “whale killers” by sailors or apex predators who saw them attack larger animals. The spade-toothed whale was seen for the first time after a mother and her male calf died on a New Zealand beach. This is the whale referred to in "Moby Dick!" It reaches a length of 15 m and lives between 55 and 70 years. The Humpback whale is a medium-length baleen whale that can grow as long as 16 m. They are called so as they raise and bend their backs to dive in the water that makes a hump in front of the dorsal fin. Whales are large animals that live in water. Toothed whales are grouped together in Odontoceti, which includes oceanic dolphins, sperm whales, pygmy and dwarf sperm whales, porpoises, beaked whales, beluga whales and narwhals, and river dolphins. Its body color is grayish. They have been known to swim up to 160 km per day while migrating. Baleen whales have baleen plates, or sheets, which sieve prey from seawater. Top 10 Most Strange Things to fall from Outer Space, Top 10 Most Famous Ancient Egyptian Monuments, 20+ Different Types of Snakes In The World, 20+ Different Types of Hummingbirds In The World, 10 Different And Beautiful Types of Birds. These whales were intensively hunted during the commercial whaling years and are struggling to recover; in fact both the North Atlantic right whale and the North Pacific right whale are endangered and continue to decline in numbers. These are the coolest types of whales existing all over the world. There is very little known about the pygmy right whale as they are rarely seen at sea. As the whale gulps huge quantities of seawater, the throat bulges like a giant balloon. They are lunge-feeders and have deep ‘throat grooves’ extending from the mouth to their belly button. The Blue whale is the largest known animal on the earth. Huge volumes of seawater are strained through the baleen plates which sieve and retain little sea creatures in huge quantities. Like the sperm whale, these two have a narrow lower jaw and spermaceti organ. You can join our team and help us save whales and dolphins. Sperm Whale. They have a broad, flat U-shaped head, and 270–395 black baleen plates on each side of their upper jaw. The sperm whale is the largest toothed whale and one of the three extant species of the sperm whale superfamily (Physeteroidea); the other two are pygmy sperm whale and dwarf sperm whale. Toothed whale definition: any whale belonging to the cetacean suborder Odontoceti, having a single blowhole and... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples For an introduction to the six families of dolphins and porpoises or small toothed whales, please see our ‘meet the dolphins’ section. These whales have a large “tusk” from a protruding canine tooth that can be as long as 9 feet that appear as a long spear. Types of Whales! Toothed whales, as the name suggests, have teeth, which are used to hunt and eat squid, fish, and seals. The right whale and bowhead whale family is made up of three right whale species and the bowhead whale. Humpbacks are the most commonly known whales. October 12, 2020, 11:30 pm, by They are the most widely distributed of all the beaked whales. It is the largest of the toothed whales—also called odontocetes—reaching a length of 60 feet in males and 40 feet in females. They have a broad, rounded head and a large forehead and are toothed whales. October 14, 2020, 11:55 pm, by Another characteristic that differentiates baleen whales from toothed whales is a pair of blowholes they have (other types of whales only have a single blowhole). The odontoceti include beaked whales, bottlenose whales and dolphins. It is also one of the amazing and beautiful types of whales. Gray whales are the most coastal of all baleen whales as they live in shallow water where they feed on the seafloor. They breathe air and produce milk for their young. Toothed Whales (suborder Odontoceti), the types of whales that use their teeth to capture their food, also includes dolphins and porpoises. The Blue Whale is the largest land mammal that can be up to 95 ft in length! Rough-toothed dolphins do not swim as quickly as other types of dolphins. The order includes dolphins and porpoises. Whales make up an order, or large group of animals, called Cetacea. October 11, 2020, 7:53 am, by Sperm whales can grow to 20m long and weigh almost 60 tonnes; they have the biggest brains on Earth and their huge box-shaped heads are 40% of the body length. Baleen whales do not echolocate but they do make sounds to communicate with one another, display and attract mates, repel rivals and establish territories. Kan Dail Also known as Orcas from their Latin name. Whales are a widely distributed group of large marine mammals. Consist of four families: rorqual; right; gray; and pygmy right whale. Extensive hunting of whales has led to their diminishing triggering anti-whaling debate. Also Read: Top 10 Scary Sharks In The World. They can also mimic the sounds they hear around them, including human speech. Whales are classified into two categories: baleen and toothed. The conservation efforts are spearheaded by the International Whaling Commission (IWC) of 1986. Arnoux’s beaked whale Baird’s beaked whale Cuvier’s beaked whale Shepherd’s beaked whale Northern bottlenose whale Southern bottlenose whale Longman’s beaked whale Sowerby’s beaked whale Andrew’s beaked whale Hubb’s Beaked whale Blainville’s Beaked whale Gervais’ beaked whale … Over time their name was changed to “killer whales.” A typical killer whale has a large, black-and-white body with a medium-sized white eye patch close to the eye. by These whales have long, white, wing-like flippers that are often as long as one-third of the animal’s body length. Today, there are several species of whales listed … Their baleen plates or ‘whale bones’ are made from a material similar to human fingernails and animal horns; they are strong, flexible and feathered at the edges, rather like bristles on a brush. They are enormous, rotund, stocky whales who can grow up to 20m and weigh 90 tonnes (90,000kg). There are many conservation efforts in place for both types of whales. Consist of ten families, including dolphins. Baleen whales are grouped into four families: rorqual; right; gray; and pygmy right whale. The gray whale family only has one member – the gray whale. In the past, whalers have sought out the Sperm whale for the valuable spermaceti oil, which makes an extremely fine lubricant. The sperm whale is the largest of the toothed whales and the largest toothed predator. Dolphins and porpoises all have teeth and rather confusingly are known as ‘toothed whales’ too! Registered 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, Saving the endangered North Atlantic right whale, Meet Delilah – Our Inflatable North Atlantic Right Whale, Sharing the Seas – Safe Boating for Sailors. Female blue whales are longer than their male counterparts. Sadly enough, 6 out of the 13 great whale species have become endangered or vulnerable, even after decades of protection. Sperm whales, killer whales, belugas, narwhals, beaked whales, dolphins, pilot whales, killer whales, porpoises and river dolphins belong to the Odontoceti whale group. They are one of two living groups of cetaceans, the other being the baleen whales (Mysticeti), which have baleen instead of teeth. Toothed whale, (suborder Odontoceti), any of the odontocete cetaceans, including the oceanic dolphins, river dolphins, porpoises, pilot whales, beaked whales, and bottlenose whales, as well as the killer whale, sperm whale, narwhal, and beluga whale. These whales are found worldwide. Conservation of whales is an international debate that touches on the environment and ethics. Kan Dail An estimated minimum of 300,000 whales and dolphins are killed each year as while others succumb to a myriad of threats including shipping and habitat loss. The pygmy right whale family like the gray whale, has a single member! They live in deep, warm water. There are two different types of whales: toothed whales (odontoceti) and baleen whales (mysticeti). Usually found alone or in in small groups. Even though it is smaller than the largest baleen whales, it matches the size of most Baleen Whales and is larger than many of them. They are called baleen whales because they have baleen, a fringe like filter in their mouth used to capture small fish and plankton for food! Baleen Whales and Toothed Whales both have species that are at risk of extinction though due to reduced numbers. Here, we’ll take a closer look at toothed whales. There are two types of whale; baleen and toothed. The key difference between them is the way they feed and what they have inside their mouth. Rorquals vary in size from the smallest minke whale 8.8m (29ft) long to the blue whale who can reach 33m (108ft) long. The species was identified from a skull found on the Mediterranean coast of France. Your gifts help us take action for whales and dolphins. Toothed whales have teeth and they actively hunt fish, squid and other sea creatures. Among these marine mammals, there are two groups: baleen and toothed. Another obvious difference between baleen and toothed whales is the number of blowholes on top of their head; baleen whales have two whereas toothed whales have one. They are highly sociable dolphins and frequently mix and travel with other oceanic dolphins including bottlenose dolphins, pantropical spotted dolphins, Fraser’s dolphins, spinner dolphins and short-finned pilot whales. They use a special sense called echolocation (biosonar) to hunt and to help them ‘see’ their underwater world. Spade-toothed Whale. Baleen whales are aptly nick-named the ‘great whales’ yet they survive on the teeniest (and most abundant) animals in the ocean; they are filter feeding specialists and target shoals of small fish or clouds of zooplankton and krill in the sea. Sperm whales have large, square heads and 20-26 conical teeth on each side of its lower jaw. Its name is derived from the fact that its … Here we have a look at the top 10 coolest types of whales on the earth and what makes them so special. Their skin is very mottled and this is caused by patches of whale lice and parasitic barnacles living on them. Narwhals can only hold their breath for up to 25 minutes underwater. Whales face numerous threats from whaling, collisions with shipping, entanglement in nets and pollution. They have a five-inch-thick layer of blubber to make them withstand the tough Arctic temperatures. Males are much larger than females and may grow to about 60 feet in length, while females grow to about 36 feet. They have a bumpy dorsal ridge and no dorsal fin. It is the rarest beaked whale although it is believed that it is larger than the ginkgo-toothed beaked whale in size. Their skin is wrinkled and they have a narrow lower jaw, lined with teeth. Humpbacks are known to live up to 50 years. Cuvier’s beaked whale is also known as the Goose-beaked whale. The goals of these efforts include preventing the hunting of them, preserving their natural environment, and to help ensure they continue to reproduce so that their survival will be ongoing. The beluga whale and narwhal are both unique toothed whales living in cold, arctic waters; together they make up the ‘white whale’ family. Some of the whales/cetaceans that belong to the toothed whale suborder include the killer whale (this species is part of the dolphins family), sperm whale, bottlenose whale and beluga whale among others. With your help WDC is working to make the oceans a safer place for them to live. Toothed whales have, well, teeth, while baleen whales have "baleen plates instead, which act like sieves and filter prey from seawater. The two groups are thought to have diverged around 34 million years ago (mya). Their large head makes up to 33% of their body length and mass. They occur in almost all oceans, except the Arctic Ocean and the Bering Sea. They have a large, bow-shaped head that is up to 40% of the body length. There are two main types of cetacean: Odonotocetes or toothed whales and Mysticetes or baleen whales. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Different baleen whales use a variety of sounds including singing, moans and short pulses. A mature sperm whale is 67 feet long and weighs 56 tons. Sperm whales are toothed whales, while right whales are baleen whales. Toothed whales. These whales have a large “tusk” from a protruding canine tooth that can be as long as 9 feet that appear as a long spear. They have huge heads measuring up to a third of the total length and their backs are smooth with no dorsal fin or ridge. Your email address will not be published. Kan Dail The killer whale or orca is a toothed whale. These are the 10 types of whales in the world. They are popular animals for marine parks, a practice that is growing more … There are many different kinds of whales. All species of dolphin and porpoise also fall into the toothed whale category. They are good divers and can vocalize when on migrations. There are only 14 baleen whale species and they are generally larger than the 76 species of toothed whales – except for the mighty sperm whale, the largest toothed whale. Toothed Whales. The beaked whale family is the biggest of the large toothed whale families with 22 members - this is likely to increase as scientists learn more about these squid-eating, deep water, mysterious whales. In fact, it is the rarest species of beaked whale. These include dolphins, porpoises and killer whales, as well as sperm and beaked whales. They eat small prey like halibut, shrimp and squid. Of the nearly 40 species of dolphins in the Delphinidae, 6 are commonly called whales, including the killer whale and the… As the name suggests, this is a relatively small whale by baleen whale standards (up to 6.5m long and 3,400kg) and is the most mysterious one too. Most of the space inside their head is dedicated to the oil-filled spermaceti organ which serves to enhance their echolocation skills. May 5, 2020, 11:08 pm The Pacific Gray Whale is one of the animal kingdom’s great migratory animals that dwell in The Pacific Ocean. The Spade-toothed whale is a very little-known species of whales. Rorqual is derived from the Norwegian word röyrkval which means "furrow whale". So here it is, a list of toothed whales: Sperm whale Pygmy sperm whale Dwarf sperm whale. The largemouth is up to 10 feet wide and 20 feet deep. Subsistence whaling of bowhead whales is still practised by Alaskan and Greenlandic aboriginal subsistence whalers. They are found in deep water of all oceans and can dive to incredible depths of over 3000m; they hunt giant squid. They eat small prey like halibut, shrimp and squid. Until 2012, nothing was known about this species. Whales have an important role in balancing the ecosystem and maintenance of a healthy marine setting. Required fields are marked *. However, the exact number of species (currently 14) and their relationships to one another are still matters of hot debate as scientists are finding what they believe to be new species within species. Whales are classified into baleen and toothed whales. Its brain is the largest known of any species in the entire animal kingdom. They have a dark, brownish-grey body with light streaks, spots, and scratches. They are grey at birth and whiten as they grow older; adult belugas are a brilliant white and adult narwhals vary from almost white to mottled grey. Sometimes referred to as "sea-wolves", they frequently hunt in packs or "pods". by The Sperm whale is named so because of the Spermaceti organ which occupies most of its huge head. Right whales and bowhead whales are slow swimmers; they skim feed or graze using their impressively long baleen plates to filter food from seawater. Switch to the light mode that's kinder on your eyes at day time. The famous book, ‘Moby Dick’ tells the story of whalers hunting sperm whales. Ms. Collister is essentially correct, tho’, since the question was specifically posted (or reposted) to me, I figured I’d toss in a couple additional comments. These whales have a single blowhole on the left side of the head. These whales were made famous by Herman Melville's book Moby Dick. The bowhead whale is another species of baleen whales found in the arctic and the sub-arctic waters. Bowheads are rich in blubber which can be up to 20-inch in places and have 2 blowholes located near the top of the head. There are 14 species of baleen whale, such as the humpback whale and blue whale. Humpbacks, blue whales and fin whales are gulpers; their throats are expandable and enable them to take enormous mouthfuls of seawater and sieve out their prey; gray whales are bottom feeders and sift prey from mouthfuls of mud on the seabed. Species such as the killer whale, pilot whale and melon headed whale also belong to the toothed whale family, however these marine mammals are actually part of the dolphin family. The variety of foods these marine animals consume can vary greatly from one species to the next. The rorqual family is the biggest baleen whale family with eight members, including the blue, fin, humpback, Bryde’s, sei, and minke whales. October 5, 2020, 10:23 pm. Baleen whales are generally huge; the largest is the biggest creature to have ever lived on Earth- the blue whale. Almost 90% of all types of whale, dolphin and porpoise are toothed whales and most of them are small dolphins and porpoises; a notable exception is the largest of all toothed whales, the sperm whale who is an honorary ‘great whale’. Currently the scientific committee of the International Whaling Commission divides the toothed whales into ten families, consisting of seventy species. Feb 2, 2017 - Learn about the diverse group of whales known as the toothed whales, which includes dolphins and porpoises. They generally dwell in deep pelagic waters, usually deeper than 1,000 m. They prey on deep-sea fish, but often, they come to the surface. Some, such as humpbacks and gray whales make very long, seasonal migrations. They have a diverse population worldwide and exist in different species all over the world. Almost 90% of all types of whale, dolphin and porpoise are toothed whales and most of them are small dolphins and porpoises; a notable exception is the largest of all toothed whales, the sperm whale who is an honorary ‘great whale’. The Narwhal, or Narwhale, is a medium-sized toothed whale that lives in the Arctic waters around Greenland, Canada, and Russia. Gray whales undertake the longest migrations by a mammal species. Toothed whales are accomplished predators. These beaked whales have a long and robust body with a relatively small head that can grow as long as 32 feet. Support WDC by shopping for yourself or a friend. Here we meet four families of large toothed whales. The Narwhal, or Narwhale, is a medium-sized toothed whale that lives in the Arctic waters around Greenland, Canada, and Russia. They have a hump and a ridge of sharp bumps along their backs and do not have a dorsal fin. Killer whales are toothed whales and top carnivores in their food chain. This whale obtained its name from researcher Georges Curvier. Not all baleen whales migrate; Bryde's whale, the bowhead whale and sei whale are all non-migratory. This is thought to refer to the long folds of skin in the lower jaw. A part of their tooth protrudes from the gums and has a shape similar to the tip of a spade. Rorquals are sleek, slender, streamlined whales, with pointed heads and flippers. Cetacea is further divided into two suborders: Odontocetes (toothed whale) and Mysticetes (baleen whales). We only know of their existence from stranded whales. It lives in open water and feeding mostly on smaller whales in the sea. Learn all the different names of the whales with this video. They are toothed whales that gather in family-oriented pods of 10 to 50. They are one of the most well known types of whales thanks to their being held captive in marine aquariums where they are taught to perform tricks. Their skin is usually black with a white spot on the lower snout.