The number of electronic databases searched varied greatly, from 1 to 25 (mean=15, median=6). Sackett, D. L., Richardson, W. S., Rosenberg, W., & Haynes, R. B. Access to society journal content varies across our titles. A realist review method generated a total of 72 papers that were used to inform the results. The results show that realist reviews are by and large not systematic reviews. As with all ratings, there is some degree of subjectivity and other researchers may classify the information differently. The methodological quality of empirical studies was assessed using the appropriate appraisal tool from the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme, 31 and studies were classified as strong, moderate, or weak in terms of rigor. A modified systematic review methodology, employing realist approaches [25, 26] was applied to the self-identifying zooprophylaxis literature.This approach recognizes a priori that the scientific literature in this area is conflicting and in this case focuses on when, why, and in what contexts zooprophylaxis or zoopotentiation may occur. For both of these stages, we used pre-designed inclusion forms. The review was conducted in two phases: theory building and theory refinement. Bravata, D. M., McDonald, K. M., Shojania, K. G., Sundaram. We supplemented the electronic database searches with searches in reference lists of relevant reviews, contacted realist review experts, and requested suggestions for reviews on the RAMESES listserv. (2011). Armstrong, R., Hall, B. J., Doyle, J., & Waters, E. (2011). You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. Conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis in line with a realist review will allow us to draw a robust conclusion on the effects and the way in which the interventions work. Scoping studies: Towards a methodological framework. (2013). With regard to the Results section of the RAMESES Publication Standards (Items 12-14), about half of the reviews provided information about the documents included in the review, either fully (39 per cent) or incompletely (11 per cent). Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 3(4), 539-551. Contain brief details of: background, review question/objectives, search strategy, methods of selection, appraisal, analysis, and synthesis of sources, main results, implications for practice, 3. Additionally, we found that while most reviews provided a general set of inclusion criteria, some reviews specified inclusion criteria for documents that addressed context, mechanisms, or outcomes, but not all three. These reviews were published between 2004 and 2015 (listed in Appendix A). Table 1 shows the descriptive results for each reporting item to be included when reporting a realist review, Table 1. Yet, no review reported on all of the 19 items of the RAMESES Publication Standards. Related to this, 10 reviews had no information about the years searched, while 8 had no limits for the year of publication (9 per cent), and the remaining 28 reviews searched literature published after a specified year. Systematic maps to support the evidence base in social care. To start providing such information, this rapid realist review (RRR) sets out eight guiding principles for ‘meaningful’ participation. Fisse, B , Braithwaite, J. This was done on the recommendation of experts in the field and also because it aligns with the expected methodological practice in realist review (Greenhalgh, Wong, Westhorp, & Pawson, 2011). International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19-32. In the title, identify the document as a realist synthesis or review, 2. It included an extensive search of government and non-government (NGO) publications. Members of _ can log in with their society credentials below, Journal of Health Services Research & Policy. However, there was a divergence among reviews with respect to other search strategies, reporting of the actual search, and sophistication in database searching. In addition to a shorter review period, the fee supports the journal's continued operation and open-access publishing model. Retrieved from http://handbook.cochrane.org/index.htm. When necessary, we contacted the original authors to obtain further information. It is likely that less stringent inclusion criteria would reveal greater variability in realist review practice. We adhered to the framework proposed by Arksey and O’Malley (2005) for conducting a systematic scoping review. Quality collaboratives: lessons from research, Evaluation of quality improvement programmes, Systematically reviewing qualitative and quantitative evidence to inform management and policy making in the health field, Meta-narrative mapping: a new approach to the synthesis of complex evidence. However, compared to a traditional systematic review, a realist review is more iterative and possibly more challenging from a methodological standpoint (Pawson et al., 2004). The realist understanding of how programmes work Realist philosophy (Pawson and Tilley use the term ‘scientific realism’) considers that an intervention works (or not) because actors make particular decisions in response to the intervention (or not). Department of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Leeds, Leeds UK. Realist review (also known as realist synthesis) is particularly helpful for this task. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. One review did not state how many documents were included. 16], Interprofessional teamwork across stroke care pathways: Outcomes and patient and career experience [Final report], NIHR Service Delivery and Organisation Programme, Southampton, UK, Evidence of communication, influence and behavioural norms in interprofessional teams: A realist synthesis, Journal of Interprofessional Care, 29(2), 100-105, Using realist synthesis to understand the mechanisms of interprofessional teamwork in health and social care, Journal of Interprofessional Care, 28(6), 501-506, Management of long term sickness absence: A systematic realist review, Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 22(3), 322-332, Effectiveness and uptake of screening programmes for coronary heart disease and diabetes: A realist review of design components used in interventions, Does moving from a high-poverty to lower-poverty neighborhood improve mental health? Journal of Public Health 33(1), 147-150. Buscemi, N., Hartling, L., Vandermeer, B., Tjosvold, L., & Klassen, T. P. (2005). A., & Scheele, F. (2015). Implementation Science, 5, 69. The search strategy was prepared by an information specialist (coauthor Julie Nanavati) in cooperation with the first reviewer (coauthor Rigmor C. Berg). However, as previous results indicate (e.g., Florence, Schulz, & Pearson, 2005), with a single reviewer and no standard forms, the likelihood of the results offering a partial and potentially misleading account of the evidence increases. Traditional methods of review focus on measuring and reporting on programme effectiveness, often find that the evidence is mixed or conflicting, and provide little or no clue as to why the intervention worked or did not work when applied in different contexts or circumstances, deployed by different stakeholders, or used for different purposes. 8 ESRC UK Centre for Evidence-Based Policy and Practice. When methods are not sufficiently justified or are poorly undertaken or reported, and the approach subsequently appears to exist in many variants, it becomes harder to understand what is meant when the term realist review is used. by realistreviewstaff; Posted on August 17, 2020 August 17, 2020; Posts navigation. We aimed for an acceptable degree of methodological congruence between the realist review approach and what had been conducted by the review authors. By continuing to browse Therefore, the steps were: With respect to the final optional step recommended by Arksey and O’Malley (i.e., Consultation), we embedded it throughout the research process. A realist review and a call for place-based research, Human resource management interventions to improve health workers' performance in low and middle income countries: A realist review, Health Research Policy and Systems, 7(7), 1-13, Realist review and synthesis of retention studies for health workers in rural and remote areas, Interprofessional shared decision making in NICU: A mixed methods study [Dissertation], School of Nursing, University of Ottawa, Canada.
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