Many rice varieties are released in Japan. Major rice variety KOSHIHIKARI Many rice varieties are released in Japan. International classification has divided rice into four major categories which includes Indica, Japonica, Aromatic and Glutinous. Its name means “love at first sight” in Japanese, which has consequently seen it become the second most popular rice in Japan due to its frequent use in sushi or Japanese curry. Asian rice (Oryza sativa) is most widely known and most widely grown, with two major subspecies (indica and japonica) and over 40,000 varieties. The two japonica varieties favored by the Japanese are akita komachi and koshihikari. Brown rice is usually sold in 30 kg bags, which may be generally polished by the consumer in a coin-operated polishing machine, or in smaller bags in supermarkets intended for eating as brown rice. Terraced rice fields cover many rural hillsides and are relatively small due to mountainous terrain and government controls on farmland consolidation. Yamada Nishiki is the most famous cultivar grown specifically for sake. Akitakomachi is also quite popular. However, the trading of these futures contracts has been postponed to an unspecified date since it has not been approved by the Japanese government. There are so many kinds of senbei it can be overwhelming to choose just one. That’s the rice you use to make sushi, rice balls and everyday Japanese dishes. by Diganta Talukdar - Rice cultivation in India. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The first type of rice is uruchimai 粳米, known as the Japanese short grain rice or ordinary rice or Japanese rice in short. Tribune Desk Published at 06:40 pm September 21st, 2020 A farmer drives a combine harvester to harvest the rice in a paddy field field surrounding the City of Toyota Stadium in Toyota City on September 27, 2019 AFP. The rice grain, which has a shiny sheen, is more sticky than other varieties as it has a higher starch content. The Dojima Rice Market in Osaka was the first known futures market, with trading in rice contracts established sometime around 1730. The black rice turns the white rice purple. yen). Most Japanese use suihanki (rice cookers) to which measured amounts of washed rice and water are added. Japanese government want to boost rice consumption and a governmental research institute developed a new rice variety for baking bread. The most common variety is the Koshihikari rice (or koshi rice), a white, polished short grain which is used in almost everything from sushi to chirashi bowls. Rice begins as brown rice, genmai (玄米), which may then be polished by a machine (精米機 seimaiki), in which case it is sold as ready-polished or white rice, hakumai (白米). The Japanese palate has been known to be very particular about rice since cultivating the highest quality of rice in all of the world has long been Japan’s pride. Although japonica rice is grown around the world, levels of consumption pale in comparison with the worldwide consumption of indica varieties. Glutinous Rice (also known as mochi rice or sticky rice) is the second most common variety of Japanese rice. In bento boxes it is often served with a topping of furikake (ふりかけ), a single umeboshi, or a sheet of nori (海苔). The yield amount of Rice in Japan is decreasing by 9.1% from 2006 to 2018, and the acreage is decreasing by 12.9%. Currently there are about 600 varieties of rice registered domestically in Japan, and about 260 varieties are produced as a staple food. Rice - Overview. Every country has its own varieties because of the differences in the way of planting and many environmental conditions such as temperature, water and soil. In fact, they ranked 9th as the world’s largest rice producers and currently has over 60 rice brands to choose from. It is commonly used to prepare Japanese cuisine in North America, and is reasonably good as a sushi rice. Plant Variety Protection - PVPO at MAFF, JAPAN. Koshihikari (コシヒカリ) is a particularly esteemed cultivar and one of the most commonly grown in Japan. I guess that Japanese language is too unique to translate automatically, so it is difficult for people can not understand Japanese language to get real information about Japan. Japanese rice varieties. Ok, so we already know about the different rice types such as white, brown, red, black and even mixed. However, price increases in recent years have led a small but increasing number of Japanese consumers and restaurants to seek out the small amount of less-expensive rice imported from China, Australia, and the United States that is available in Japan.  As of 2005, two varieties of Japanese rice were in consideration for standardization of the contract. Red Cargo. It takes less time to cook than brown rice but retains more of the vitamins than white rice. Each of the variety has its own characteristics and flavors, too. In 2005, the Tokyo Grain Exchange announced that it would create a futures contract on rice with trading starting in the summer of 2006. The by-product of the polishing process, rice bran (米ぬか komenuka) is used commercially as the source of rice bran oil. "If you choose a Basmati or Doongara rice, they are low GI, whereas some of the other white rices are higher in glycemic index," Austin said. A Japan-based team of biology scientists has developed a new rice variety through genetic improvement in an attempt to increase crop yields in a salty paddy field. Also included in this list are varieties of African rice (Oryza glaberrima) and wild rice (genus Zizania). Sasanishiki is a cultivar known for keeping the same taste when cooled down. This market ceased with economic controls in 1939. This rice is characterized by its sweetness and strong stickiness. It is the number of short-grain cultivars of Japonica rice including ordinary rice and glutinous rice. Glutinous rice, known in Japan as mochigome, is used for making mochi (餅), the festive red bean and rice dish sekihan, as well as traditional snacks such as senbei (煎餅), arare (あられ), and agemochi (揚げ餅). The Dojima Rice Market in Osaka was the first known futures market, with trading in rice contracts established sometime around 1730. It is widely planted nationwide. I am not a native English user. Besides regular rice, some farms are growing heirloom varieties of rice. Japanese people are concerned about the rice harvested year and polished date, they are sure printed on the rice packages. Measures for boosting food-service industry, “Go To Eat campaign”, Korea National Open University Industry Academic Cooperation Foundation. Of those, Koshihikari (コシヒカリ) … However, when the Japanese arrived in 1895, they brought a different variety called japonica, which is short-grained and starchy, the kind of rice widely consumed in Japan, Korea, and northern China. Indica rice varieties grow well near the equator. The rice cooker can also keep rice moist and warm, allowing it to remain edible for several hours after cooking. Your email address will not be published. Rice Varieties. Indica rice.  However, the trading of these futures contracts has been postponed to an unspecified date since it has not been approved by the Japanese government.. There are lots of rice varieties in Japan. A Japan-based team of biological scientists has developed a new rice variety through genetic improvement in an attempt to increase crop yields in a salty paddy field. Outside Japan it is sometimes labeled sushi rice, as this is one of its common uses. In Japan, rice is an important part of both the country’s culture and its cuisine—so much so that not only is it typically served with every meal, but the meal times are also actually referred to as “morning rice” (asa gohan), “lunch rice” (hiru gohan), and “dinner rice” (ban gohan). Hatsuga genmai (発芽玄米) is brown rice that has been soaked in heated water until germinated. If you recall from our previous post, you probably understand why rice is so important in this c… A Premium Rice from Japan’s North Country. Three of the biggest selling varieties of rice in Japan are Sasanishiki, Akitakomachi and, perhaps most popular of all, Koshihikari which accounts for almost 40% of domestic rice production. The kernel is four to five times longer than it is wide. , Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Japanese Consumers Reconsidering Rice Loyalty", Full list of rice varieties and cultivars, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Japanese_rice&oldid=974808536, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 August 2020, at 04:10. It is a well-known variety of Japanese rice. After cooking, rice may also be held in a covered wooden box called an ohitsu. Your email address will not be published. Prepared rice is usually served from the rice cooker into a chawan, or rice bowl. 971 varieties have been registered since 1981. KOSHIHIKARI is the most popular rice variety, it is grown 35% of total rice area in Japan. These rice crackers are available in a wide range of flavors and textures, and are as popular as potato chips in America. Ordinary Japanese rice, or uruchimai (粳米), is the staple of the Japanese diet and consists of short translucent grains. A new brand of rice from Hokkaidō, the northernmost of Japan’s four main islands, made its nationwide debut in the fall of 2011. The rice polishing machines typically polish a 10 kg amount for 100 yen. It has a softer texture than ordinary brown rice and a pleasant fragrance. They grow mostly in the Philippines, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, central and southern China, and African countries. Then in the nineteenth century, the major effect was to breed varieties of rice that could withstand the harsh climate and diseases that were particular to the northern part of the island and Honshū as well as Hokkaidō---the regions that are known today as the primary rice-producing regions of the country.
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