Its system dates back to the era of the Korean Empire, when the first streetcar lines were laid and a railroad linking Seoul and Incheon was completed.  A partnership between researchers in South Korea and the United States is conducting an international air quality field study in Korea (KORUS-AQ) to determine how much each source contributes. A city can be defined by the inhabitants of its demographic population, as by metropolitan area, labour market area, or similar in a metropolitan area. , Seoul is first recorded as Wiryeseong, the capital of Baekje (founded in 18 BC) in the northeastern area of modern Seoul. These buses connect Seoul with cities throughout South Korea. Seoul Subway Map; Sinchon Area; Studios; Home › Seoul Subway Map.  Internet speeds in some apartment buildings reach up to 52.5Gbit/s with assistance from Nokia, and though the average standard consists of 100 Mbit/s services, providers nationwide are rapidly rolling out 1Gbit/s connections at the equivalent of US$20 per month. Of the latest cases, 525 were domestically transmitted and more than 64 per cent of those were from the Seoul metropolitan area, according to the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency. Intercity bus services are available to various destinations around the country. 5G will be introduced commercially in March 2019 in Seoul. The National Folk Museum is located on the grounds of the Gyeongbokgung Palace in the district of Jongno District and uses replicas of historical objects to illustrate the folk history of the Korean people. , Besides air quality, greenhouse gas emissions represent hot issues in South Korea since the country is among top-10 strongest emitters in the world. I think this is a chronic problem. Secondary schools generally require students to wear uniforms. Seoul is a major center for sports in South Korea. Seoul (/soʊl/, like soul; Korean: 서울 [sʌ.ul] (listen); lit. The Independence Gate was built in 1897 to inspire an independent spirit. Its 1st Seoul Metropolitan Air Quality Improvement Plan (2005–2014) focused on improving the concentrations of PM10 and nitrogen dioxide by reducing emissions. Strategically located along the Han River, Seoul's history stretches back over two thousand years, when it was founded in 18 BC by the people of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. Seoul is the strongest hotspot of greenhouse gas emissions in the country and according to satellite data, the persistent carbon dioxide anomaly over the city is one of the strongest in the world.. Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education comprises 235 College-Preparatory High Schools, 80 Vocational Schools, 377 Middle Schools, and 33 Special Education Schools as of 2009[update]. Seoul, officially known as the Seoul Special City, is the largest metropolis and capital of South Korea. Twitter. SEL - Metropolitan Area. Seoul hosts large concentration of headquarters of International companies and banks, including 15 companies on fortune 500 list such as Samsung, LG and Hyundai. Seoul's bus system is operated by the Seoul Metropolitan Government (S.M.G. As of 2010[update], 25% of the population has a commute time of an hour or longer.  The suburbs of Seoul are generally cooler than the center of Seoul because of the urban heat island effect.  Dong are also sub-divided into 13,787 tong (통; 統), which are further divided into 102,796 ban in total. , Seoul is home to the world's largest modern university founded by a Buddhist Order, Dongguk University. Seoul has been described as the world's "most wired city", ranked first in technology readiness by PwC's Cities of Opportunity report. Gu of Seoul consist of 423 administrative dongs (행정동) in total. The other large palace, Changdeokgung, constructed in 1405, served as the main royal palace from 1611 to 1872. Seoul proper is noted for its population density, which is almost twice that of New York City and eight times greater than Rome. In the history of South Korean major professional sports league championships, which include the K League, KBO League, KBL, V-League, Seoul had multiple championships in a season two times, 1990 K League Classi Lucky-Goldstar FC (currently FC Seoul) and KBO League LG Twins in 1990, K League Classic FC Seoul and KBO League Doosan Bears in 2016.. This map also includes Incheon Metro system and the Shinbundang Line covering the Seoul metropolitan area.  Since 2015, Seoul has provided free Wi-Fi access in outdoor spaces through a 47.7 billion won ($44 million) project with Internet access at 10,430 parks, streets and other public places. Each subway line has a designated color to aid passengers in using the subway with ease. In 2010 Seoul was designated the World Design Capital for the year.. In this way the Roman Catholic Church has a very strong influence in Korean society. This article is about the capital city of South Korea. Some regional lines in the network stretch out beyond the Seoul Metropolitan Area to rural areas in … The tallest building is Lotte World Tower, reaching a height of 555m. Incheon International Airport is Asia's eighth busiest airport in terms of passengers, the world's fourth busiest airport by cargo traffic, and the world's eighth busiest airport in terms of international passengers in 2014. Sajikdan, Munmyo and Dongmyo were built during the same period. SEOUL, Nov. 20 (Yonhap) -- Health authorities on Friday urged people to refrain from gatherings and outdoor activities, as the country's daily new coronavirus cases hovered above 300 for the third straight day and the greater Seoul area, home to half of the country's population, is … It was only from this period that Seoul became a larger settlement. In 2015, it was designated as a Seoul Future Heritage. Seoul Metropolitan Subway has 18 lines in operation. Cheonggyecheon, a stream that runs nearly 6 km (4 mi) through downtown Seoul, is popular among both Seoul residents and tourists. Only for the Seoul Metropolitan Area (KRW 55,000) Use up to 60 times within 30 days after purchase; Prepaid tickets are valid only for Seoul Metro Lines 1 ~ 9 and for rail sections operated by KORAIL and AREX within the Seoul area.  From the 1970s, the size of Seoul administrative area greatly expanded as it annexed a number of towns and villages from several surrounding counties. ), with four primary bus configurations available servicing most of the city. owned enterprises. About Seoul: The Facts: Region: Seoul National Capital Area.  The "Special Act on the Improvement of Air Quality in the Seoul Metropolitan Area" was passed in December 2003.  Most bank headquarters and the Korea Exchange are located in Yeouido (Yeoui island), which is often called "South Korea's Wall Street" and has been serving as the financial center of the city since the 1980s. Bukchon Hanok Village and Namsangol Hanok Village are old residential districts consisting of hanok Korean traditional houses, parks, and museums that allows visitors to experience traditional Korean culture. This was a 0.24% decrease from the end of 2010. The various lines are run by Korail, Seoul Metro, NeoTrans Co. Ltd., AREX, and Seoul Metro Line 9 Corporation. Seoul, Nov 17 (IANS) South Korea on Tuesday decided to raise its five-tier social-distancing rule by one notch in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the Covid-19 resurgence in and around the capital city. The next largest group was Chinese citizens who are not of Korean ethnicity; 29,901 of them resided in Seoul. It is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and the ritual ceremonies continue a tradition established in the 14th century. The next highest group were Taiwanese citizens, at 8,717. Air pollution is a major issue in Seoul.  The Gangnam district is one of the most affluent areas in Seoul and is noted for the fashionable and upscale Apgujeong-dong and Cheongdam-dong areas and the COEX Mall. For many Korean film lovers from all over the world, the Korean Film Archive is running the Korean Film Museum and Cinematheque KOFA in its main center located in Digital Media City(DMC), Sangam-dong. Seoul is divided into 25 gu (Korean: 구; Hanja: 區) (district). The Seoul Capital Area is the world’s second largest metropolitan area with over 25.6 million people.  Native Seoulites tend to speak the Gyeonggi dialect of Korean. I prefer it to NYC Metro and it's much, much nicer and quieter than the London Underground. With approximately 830,000 members (2007), it is the largest Pentecostal Christian congregation in the world, which has been recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records. Posted on December 13, 2013 by chris Posted in — 1 Comment ↓ Facebook. email. Seoul is among the world leaders in Internet connectivity, being the capital of South Korea, which has the world's highest fibre-optic broadband penetration and highest global average internet speeds of 26.1 Mbit/s. Being in the extreme east Asia, the climate can be described as humid continental with great variation of the precipitation throughout the year and warm to hot summer (Dwa, by 0 °C isoterm). The 2nd World trade trade center is being planned at Seoul Olympic stadium complex as MICE HUB by Seoul city.  During the Joseon dynasty, the gates were opened and closed each day, accompanied by the ringing of large bells at the Bosingak belfry. Seoul Olympic Park, located in Songpa District and built to host the 1988 Summer Olympics is Seoul's largest park. The narrow, dirty lanes have been widened, gutters have been covered, roadways broadened.  Myeongdong is a shopping and entertainment area in downtown Seoul with mid- to high-end stores, fashion boutiques and international brand outlets.  As of 2014, the annual average PM10 concentration was still at least twice than that recommended by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines. There is an exit exam for graduating from high school and many students proceeding to the university level are required to take the College Scholastic Ability Test that is held every November. Seoul has a well developed transportation network. With 975.4 km (606.1 mi) of tracks, Seoul Metropolitan Subway is the world’s largest subway system. For other uses, see, Special city in Seoul Capital, South Korea, Before 1972, Seoul was the "de jure" capital of the, South Korea's economy started to grow rapidly, Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, List of diplomatic missions in South Korea, List of twin towns and sister cities in South Korea, "Worldwide Cost of Living 2017 – The Economist Intelligence Unit", Union of International Associations (UIA) International Meetings Statistics for the Year 2011, "MasterCard-Global Destination Cities index", "Chinese Naming Crisis Danger Opportunity Summer 2006 – Good Characters", "Early History of Electrical Engineering in Korea: Edison and First Electric Lighting in the Kingdom of Corea", "Seoul, South Korea Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)", "Statistical and dynamical characteristics of the urban heat island intensity in Seoul", "Seoul, South Korea - Detailed climate information and monthly weather forecast", "South Korea near bottom of world survey of air quality", "South Korea | Environmental Performance Index – Development", "Korea Wrestles with Growing Health Threat from Fined Dust", "Korea's Air Is Dirty, But It's Not All Close-Neighbor China's Fault", "[Feature] South Korea's odor pollution problem". It is a symbol of Catholicism in Korea. With 607 stations, another record of Seoul Metro… Originally, the city was entirely surrounded by a massive circular stone wall to provide its citizens security from wild animals, thieves and attacks.  The Global Financial Centres Index in 2015 listed Seoul as the 6th financially most competitive city in the world. The Seoul metropolitan area is supported by a relatively large Metro transportation network, consisting of 9 lines and 270 stations, the total length of which reaches 312 km. Seoul has been surrounded by walls that were built to regulate visitors from other regions and protect the city in case of an invasion. , As of 2016, the number of foreigners living in Seoul was 404,037, 22.9% of the total foreign population in South Korea. Have your camera ready for an unobstructed view of one of the world's most famous demilitarized zones.  After Joseon changed her name to the Korean Empire in 1897, Hwangseong also designated Seoul.  As a result, the annual average PM10 concentrations decreased from 70.0 μg/m3 in 2001 to 44.4 μg/m3 in 2011 and 46 μg/m3 in 2014. The Olympic Stadium, Olympic Park, and Lotte World are located in Songpa District, on the south side of the Han River, upstream from Gangnam District. Most major South Korean cities are linked via the KTX high-speed train, which has a normal operation speed of more than 300 km/h (186 mph). It's neat and easy to use. Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art, is widely regarded as one of Seoul's largest private museum.  The Seodaemun Prison is a former prison built during the Japanese occupation, and is used as a historic museum.. North of downtown is Bukhan Mountain, and to the south is the smaller Namsan. The nationwide outbreak was being driven by clusters of infections in the densely populated Seoul metropolitan area, he said, home to around half of the country’s 52 million residents.  Seoul received over 10 million international visitors in 2014, making it the world's 9th most visited city and 4th largest earner in tourism. The largest wholesale and retail market in South Korea, the Dongdaemun Market, is located in Seoul. , Since the early 1960s, the Ministry of Environment has implemented a range of policies and air pollutant standards to improve and manage air quality for its people. Mongchon Toseong (Korean: 몽촌토성; Hanja: 蒙村土城) is another earthen wall built during the Baekje period that is now located inside the Olympic Park. For God and country", "Geographical Features of Social Polarization in Seoul, South Korea", "Hot Spots 2025: Benchmarking the Future Competitiveness of Cities", "The primacy of Seoul and the capital region", "It's official: Jinro soju is the world's best-selling liquor", "Neon shines brightly during the bustle on Yeouido stock street", "Yongsan Electronics Market, Asia's largest IT shopping mall", "50 reasons why Seoul is world's greatest city", "KOREA: Future is now for Korean info-tech", "Tech capitals of the world – Technology", akamai's [state of the internet] Q4 2016 report, "Hi Seoul, SOUL OF ASIA – Seoul Located In the Center of Asian Metropolises", "Seoul's Cheonggyecheon Stream symbolizes Korea's past, present and tomorrow", "Sungnyemun to open to great fanfare after more than five years of renovation", "Expanded Operation of Seoul Bike "Ddareungi, South Korea cities with a 200,000+ population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Seoul&oldid=991214784, Special Cities and Metropolitan Cities of South Korea, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with Korean-language sources (ko), Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles needing additional references from January 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: Korea Meteorological Administration, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 22:18. There are also various parks under construction or in project, such as the Gyeongui Line Forest Trail, Seoul Station 7017, Seosomun Memorial Park and Yongsan Park. Both banks of the Han River have cycling paths that run all the way across the city along the river. The Seoul Express Bus Terminal, Central City Terminal and Seoul Nambu Terminal are located in the district of Seocho District. The Wongudan altar was a sacrificial place where Korean rulers held heavenly rituals since the Three Kingdoms period. Seoul ranked 10th on the QS Best Student Cities 2019.. Seoul is home to 115 museums, including four national and nine official municipal museums. Service is good. The area that was the old capital in the Joseon dynasty, and mostly comprises Jongno District and Jung District, constitutes the historical and political center of the city. Seoul hosted the 1986 Asian Games, also known as Asiad, 1988 Olympic Games, and Paralympic Games. It is located in Ahyeon-dong, Mapo District, and is cathedral of the Orthodox Metropolis of Korea. Although Buddhism was suppressed by the Joseon state, it has continued its existence. Enjoy the highlights of the DMZ and get back to Seoul in time for lunch on a guided group tour. , During Japan's annexation of Korea, Hanseong (漢城) was renamed Keijō (京城) by the Imperial authorities to prevent confusion with the hanja '漢' (a transliteration of an ancient Korean word Han (한) meaning "great"), which also refers to Han people or the Han dynasty in Chinese and in Japanese is a term for "China".. Winters are usually cold to freezing with average January high and low temperatures of 1.5 and −5.9 °C (34.7 and 21.4 °F) and are generally much drier than summers, with an average of 24.9 days of snow annually. It was also a focus for political dissent in the 1980s.  According to the 2016 World Health Organization Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database, the annual average PM2.5 concentration in 2014 was 24 micrograms per cubic metre (1.0×10−5 gr/cu ft), which is 2.4 times higher than that recommended by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines for the annual mean PM2.5. Insadong is the cultural art market of Seoul, where traditional and modern Korean artworks, such as paintings, sculptures and calligraphy are sold.  As of the end of June 2011, 10.29 million Republic of Korea citizens lived in the city. It has a population of 25 million (as of 2017) and is ranked as the fifth largest metropolitan area in the world. Among the other largest parks in the city are Seoul Forest, Dream Forest, Children's Grand Park and Haneul Park. Each line has its own name and designated color, which makes it easy to use this mode of transportation.  Jongno street, meaning "Bell Street", has been a principal street and one of the earliest commercial streets of the city, on which one can find Bosingak, a pavilion containing a large bell. The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is a metropolitan railway system consisting of 23 rapid transit, light metro, commuter rail and people mover lines located in northwest South Korea. Seoul is home of the major South Korean networks KBS, SBS, and MBC. Notable food and beverage companies include Jinro, whose soju is the most sold alcoholic drink in the world, beating out Smirnoff vodka; top selling beer producers Hite (merged with Jinro) and Oriental Brewery. Although it accounts for only 0.6 percent of the nation's land area, 48.3 percent of South Korea's bank deposits were held in Seoul in 2003, and the city generated 23 percent of the country's GDP overall in 2012. Urban and civil planning was a key concept when Seoul was first designed to serve as a capital in the late 14th century. All together system consists of 24 lines and 580 stations. MORE NEWS. Seoul is connected to every major city in South Korea by rail. Seoul has the largest number of professional sports teams and facilities in South Korea. Seoul, Nov 17 : South Korea on Tuesday decided to raise its five-tier social-distancing rule by one notch in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the Covid-19 resurgence in and around the capital city. Incheon International Airport opened in March 2001 in Yeongjong island. The latest measures are similar to distancing guidelines imposed from Aug. 30-Sept. 13 in the Seoul metropolitan area, following a sharp spike in new cases traced to mass demonstrations. People are generally. Seoul is in the northwest of South Korea.  Hwanghak-dong Flea Market and Janganpyeong Antique Market also offer antique products. The Seoul Metropolitan Subway distinguishes the fare that its passengers have to pay on the basis of three separate categories. Seoul is surrounded by a mountainous and hilly landscape, with Bukhan Mountain located on the northern edge of the city. , During the Korean War, Seoul changed hands between the Soviet/Chinese-backed North Korean forces and the American-backed South Korean forces several times, leaving the city heavily damaged after the war. The Seoul Capital Area (SCA), Sudogwon (Template:Ko-hhrm, [sudoɡwʌn]) or Gyeonggi region (Template:Ko-hhrm) is the metropolitan area of Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi-do located in north-west South Korea. There are nine major subway lines stretching for more than 250 km (155 mi), with one additional line planned.  Some shops for local designers have opened in Samcheong-dong, where numerous small art galleries are located. In addition, in order to cope with the various modes of transport, Seoul's metropolitan government employs several mathematicians to coordinate the subway, bus, and traffic schedules into one timetable. Seoul became the first city in East Asia to introduce electricity in the royal palace, built by the Edison Illuminating Company and a decade later Seoul also implemented electrical street lights. With more than 8 million passengers per day, the subway has one of the busiest subway systems in the world and the largest in the world, with a total track length of 940 km (580 mi).  Located near the gates are the traditional markets and largest shopping center, Namdaemun Market and Dongdaemun Market. There are also many buildings constructed with international styles in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Its metropolitan area was the most densely populated among OECD countries in Asia in 2012, and second worldwide after that of Paris. Changdeok Palace, one of the five royal palaces during Joseon Dynasty. Various high-rise office buildings and residential buildings, like the Gangnam Finance Center, the Tower Palace, Namsan Seoul Tower, and the Lotte World Tower, dominate the city's skyline. Across the Han River are the newer and wealthier areas of Gangnam District, Seocho District and surrounding neighborhoods. The World Trade Center Seoul, located in Gangnam District, hosts various expositions and conferences. Incheon International Airport opened terminal 2 on January 18, 2018. The metro area population of Seoul in 2019 was 9,962,000, a 0.01% decline from 2018. It runs through the central regions of Seoul city, Incheon station in the south-west, Soyosan Station … Seoul was the host city of the 1986 Asian Games and 1988 Summer Olympics as well as one of the venues of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. The Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) suffered from severe congestion and auto-related pollution in the early 2000s.  These areas are frequently sought after by people looking to escape from urban life on weekends and during vacations.  As the Three Kingdoms competed for this strategic region, control passed from Baekje to Goguryeo in the 5th century, and from Goguryeo to Silla in the 6th century.. Roads became paved and Western-style buildings were constructed. Pungnaptoseong, an earthen wall located southeast Seoul, is widely believed to have been at the main Wiryeseong site. Tancheon stream and the nearby area serve as a large park with paths for both walkers and cyclists. The population of the Seoul metropolitan area is about 10 million, the area is 605 km 2, and the population density is 17,275 persons/km 2. Like any public transport system, it can get extremely busy but what do you expect. It is also the 4th highest building in the world. This APP Helps to save your data while you are in commute. The Seoul Metropolitan Government monitors and publicly shares real-time air quality data. SEOUL, Nov. 17 (Xinhua) -- South Korea decided Tuesday to raise its five-tier social-distancing rule by one notch in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the … , The two major religions in Seoul are Christianity and Buddhism. OPEN COVID-19 Information.  The Fortress Wall of Seoul was built early in the Joseon dynasty for protection of the city. The estimated population within the city limits for 2016 is 10.29 million. Since its establishment in 1945, the museum has built a collection of 220,000 artifacts. Seoul metropolitan subway line 1 was built during 1971-74 and opened to public on 15 August 1974. There are many Protestant churches in Seoul. The main palace, Gyeongbokgung, underwent a large-scale restoration project. Japanese technology was imported, the city walls were removed, some of the gates demolished. well-mannered and the queuing systems to get on board the train work well. Unlike most place names in Korea, "Seoul" has no corresponding hanja (Chinese characters used in the Korean language). 2nd Seoul Metropolitan Air Quality Improvement Plan. In the 11th century Goryeo, which succeeded Unified Silla, built a summer palace in Seoul, which was referred to as the "Southern Capital". The system serves most of the Seoul Metropolitan Area including the Incheon metropolis and satellite cities in Gyeonggi province. Considered to be a global city, Seoul was the world's 4th largest metropolitan economy in 2014 after Tokyo, New York City and Los Angeles. Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database. Its area is about 11,704 km (4,519 sq mi). While Itaewon had catered mainly to foreign tourists and American soldiers based in the city, Koreans now comprise the majority of visitors to the area. Seoul is within measurable distance of becoming the highest, most interesting and cleanest city in the East. Further south are the old suburbs, Yongsan District and Mapo District.  In 1904, an American by the name of Angus Hamilton visited the city and said, "The streets of Seoul are magnificent, spacious, clean, admirably made and well-drained. Population: ~ 10,000,000.  Seoul has a population of 9.7 million people, and forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area with the surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province. Seoul is the business and financial hub of South Korea. Sometimes, temperatures drop dramatically to below −10 °C (14 °F), and on some occasions as low as −15 °C (5 °F) in the mid winter period of January and February. How much have you spended for a week ? The city has grown beyond those walls and although the wall no longer stands (except along Bugaksan Mountain (Korean: 북악산; Hanja: 北岳山), north of the downtown area), the gates remain near the downtown district of Seoul, including most notably Sungnyemun (commonly known as Namdaemun) and Heunginjimun (commonly known as Dongdaemun). If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. The Seoul National Capital Area also contains a green belt aimed at preventing the city from sprawling out into neighboring Gyeonggi Province. Yoido Full Gospel Church is a Pentecostal church affiliated with the Assemblies of God on Yeouido in Seoul. One way to mitigate these problems was to promote mass transit. Seoul Festival is a seasonal cultural festival held four times a year every spring, summer, autumn, and winter in Seoul, South Korea since 2003. The descendants of the Joseon royal family still continue to hold ceremonies to commemorate ancestors at Jongmyo.  The Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Seoul 15th in the list of "Overall 2025 City Competitiveness" regarding future competitiveness of cities.. The section from Bupyeong-gu Office Station to Kkachiul Station on Subway Line 7 is outside of Seoul city limits.
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